The two types of fundamental lawn maintenance categorized as

  1. Primary practices and
  2. Secondary practices

Primary practices:

  • Watering,
  • Fertilizing and
  • Mowing

Secondary practices:

  • Core aeration,
  • Over seeding,
  • Compost topdressing and
  • dethatching

Proper grass care results in healthy and deep rooting lawns. They are lowering in costs, conserving resources and benefiting the environment.

The growing green lawn will have your neighbours enjoy the green with envy.


The growing green grasses are very important for our landscapes, lifestyles and environment.

The exact problem is the lack of awareness of not knowing how to maintain the lawn; the improper mowing, watering and fertilizing. The human can escape by saying that we have broken a few Rules of a Green-Thumb in our yards.

The responsible growers, gardeners, landscapers and homeowners follow an  Eco-friendly approach. This achieves desired results in lawn care while using less “in-puts” and lowering maintenance costs.

The Basics of Lawn Care

Mowing, watering and fertilizing are primary maintenance practices. They’re interrelated and determine the quality of your lawn. Interrelated means, the more you water, the more you will need to mow and fertilize. The shorter grass is mowed, the more water and fertilizer it will need.

Lawn Mowing Tips


It is the most important practice in lawn maintenance. The way you mow sets the stage for everything else.

How to cut grass:

  1. Cut high – cutting too short stresses the lawn and reduces vigor.
  2. Remove no more than 1/3 of the leaf blades (1/3 Rule).
  3. Always mow with sharp blades.
  4. Recycle your grass clippings.
  5. Don’t cut in the same direction every time.


This conserves water and encourages deep roots. It keeps your lawn green when it is hot and dry. Water you are lawn only when it needs it.

  1. Don’t run sprinklers every day. 2 or 3 times a week is plenty
  2. Water deep, get the soil moist 6 to 8 inches deep.
  3. Irrigate in the early morning hours to reduce evaporation.


Fertilizers act as supplements for nutrients that are deficient in the soil. Significant factors to be considered during fertilizing are:

  1. Timing,
  2. Type and
  3. How it is applied.

Best Lawn Fertilizer

Which one is best for fertilizing the lawn? organic lawn fertilizers or chemical fertilizers.

Secondary Maintenance: Aerating, overseeding, dethatching and compost topdressing

Basics of Lawn Care:

They play a very important role in the quality of your lawn.

Core Aeration

Aeration supplies the soil with air. Aerate a lawn with a plug or core aerator. Core aerator, a machine that removes soil cores.

Benefits of aerating:

  • Loosen compacted soil
  • Improve soil water and air infiltration
  • Stimulates root growth
  • Breaks down thatch

Over seeding:

  • This turns a thin lawn into a thick, lush lawn.
  • Overseed right after you core aerate. The seeds get into the holes to protect and make contact with the soil.
  • Some lawns – such as fescue lawns – benefit from annual fall over seeding.


Grass with a thatch layer over ½ inch needs to be dethatched with a mechanical dethatcher – or power rake.

Compost Topdressing

  • This improves the soil-grass ecosystem. Adding organic matter improves water retention and soil structure,
  • Stimulating beneficial soil microbes,
  • Breaking down thatch,
  • Neutralizing the pH.
  • Compost also contains all the nutrients that your grass needs.