Maintaining a healthy lawn does not need a load of chemicals. Five things that will help you to have a healthy lawn are:

  1. Careful watering,
  2. mowing,
  3. fertilization,
  4. annual de-thatching and
  5. Aerating.

Your lawn can be healthy to resist disease, weeds, and drought on its own. If problems still persist, adjust your soil or gardening habits. These changes can often bring about a recovery.

Care for a New Lawn

  1. Prepare the area for planting:

Use a grape hoe or sod cutter to remove old grass and weeds.

Apply glyphosate or broadleaf herbicide to remove these weeds.

Follow label instructions. Wait for the required time after applying before breaking and prepping the soil.

Grade your soil to a 1 or 2% slope running away from buildings.

Perform a soil test. Send soil samples to a local university extension or a garden center for soil testing.

Improve soil based on soil test results. Then rake in starter fertilizer.

Water the soil and let settle for one week.

Fill a garden roller ⅓ full of water and roll over the soil.

  1. Choose your grass:

Take your time to select a grass species.

Lawn care is easy when you select the grass that suits your climate, soil type, and use patterns.

Research the specific species, not just “cool season” or “warm season” grass.

You’ll also choose between seed and sod (turf). Seed is cheaper and easier to install but can take months to become usable. If you are ready to spend time and effort pick sod. Choose a moist, wet or cracked areas sod.

  1. Install the new lawn:

Break up the lawn into sections. Follow these instructions to manage a better way:

To plant seeds: Using a lawn spreader. Sow half the seeds in parallel rows. Sow the other half at right angles to the first rows. Rake ⅛ inch (3 mm) of soil over the seeds.

To install sod: Remove a few inches of soil. Lay the sod end to end in staggered rows. Trim edges to fit with a utility knife.

  1. Water the new lawn:

To keep a new lawn healthy follows these instructions

Seeds: Water right after sowing. So that you can avoid washing away the seeds. Repeat it on alternate days or keep the soil moist. This will avoid the seeds from dying and drying.

Sod: Water well after installing a new lawn. Use a full lawn roller to compact the sod against the soil base. Water regularly in the early morning for 10 days. Water enough to wet the soil underneath the sod. Avoid overwatering to avoid lifting the sod rolls up from the soil.

  1. Stay off the new lawn:

Avoid walking on new sod for the first week. Seed takes time to establish. Stay off until blades appear.

After the seed-grown lawn reaches 2–3 inch of height (5–7.5 cm), roll it with an empty garden roller.